Natural threats for Carnival Cruise Lines can vary depending on destination. Carnival Cruise Line’s 23 fun ships sail to dozens of destinations around the world with varying climates and landscapes. Carnival Cruise lines sails to Alaska, the Bahamas, Canada/New England, the Caribbean, Europe, Hawaii, Mexico, the Panama Canal, South America, Bermuda, Transatlantic, and New York, NY and Norfolk, VA (aka Cruise To Nowhere). While natural disasters can occur in just about any destination, whether the ship is near the shoreline, docked, or at sea, the captain and crew aboard Carnival Cruise Lines ships will know about these natural threats well in advance. In these cases, the captain and crew will do everything they can to avoid a natural threat.
Natural threats for Carnival Cruise Lines include: hurricanes, heat, cold, thunderstorms, tornados, tsunami, and winter storms. Depending on how close a ship is to land or any surrounding landscaping, other natural threats for Carnival Cruise Lines may include earthquake, fire or wildfire, flood, and volcano eruption.
A hurricane is a severe tropical storm with torrential rain and winds above 74 miles/119 kilometers an hour. Hurricanes originate in areas of low pressure in equatorial regions of the Atlantic or the Caribbean, then strengthen, traveling northwest, north, or northeast. The majority of the damage caused by hurricanes is from hurricane winds, flooding, and storm surge. Hurricane season in the Caribbean and in parts of Mexico, Florida, and the Texas coast typically lasts from the first of June through the end of November.
Thunderstorms typically occur in warm, humid conditions and they produce heavy rains usually lasting form a half-hour to an hour. All thunderstorms produce lightning and whether they are light or severe, all thunderstorms are dangerous. Thunderstorms may occur singly, in clusters, or in lines and the most severe thunderstorms occur when a single thunderstorm affects one location for an extended period of time. Ten percent of all thunderstorms are classified as severe. A severe thunderstorm is one that produces hail, has winds of 58 miles an hour, or one that produces a tornado. A major danger associated with thunderstorms is flash flooding. Flash flooding is responsible for more than 140 fatalities each year – more than any other thunderstorm-associated hazard.
Tsunami is a Japanese word. It is a large destructive ocean wave caused by an underwater earthquake or some other movement of the earth’s surface such as landslide, volcanic eruption, or meteorite. Tsunamis are fast and powerful, moving hundreds of miles per hour in the open ocean with waves as high as 100 feet or more. According to national geographic, Tsunami waves can be very long as well. They can measure “as much as 60 miles, or 100 kilometers and be as far as one hour apart. They are able to cross entire oceans without great loss of energy. The Indian Ocean tsunami traveled as much as 3,000 miles (nearly 5,000 kilometers) to Africa, arriving with sufficient force to kill people and destroy property.” While tsunamis are common in Japan, a tsunami can strike anywhere along most of the U.S. coastline. According to the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), the “most destructive tsunamis have occurred along the coasts of California, Oregon, Washington, Alaska, and Hawaii. All tsunamis are potentially dangerous, even though they may not damage every coastline they strike.”
Here are some facts about Tsunamis from National Geographic News and what makes them natural threats for Carnival Cruise lines:
Â·The Caribbean has been hit by 37 verified tsunamis since 1498. Some were generated locally and others were the result of events far away, such as the earthquake near Portugal. The combined death toll from these Caribbean tsunamis is about 9,500.
Â·The Pacific is by far the most active tsunami zone, according to the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). But tsunamis have been generated in other bodies of water, including the Caribbean and Mediterranean Seas, and the Indian and Atlantic Oceans. North Atlantic tsunamis included the tsunami associated with the 1775 Lisbon earthquake that killed as many as 60,000 people in Portugal, Spain, and North Africa. This quake caused a tsunami as high as 23 feet (7 meters) in the Caribbean.
Â·The 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami could rank as the most devastating on record. News reports so far suggest that more than 150,000 people may have lost their lives, many of them washed out to sea.
Â·The most damaging tsunami on record before 2004 was the one that killed an estimated 40,000 people in 1782 following an earthquake in the South China Sea. In 1883 some 36,500 people were killed by tsunamis in the South Java Sea, following the eruption of Indonesia’s Krakatoa volcano. In northern Chile more than 25,000 people were killed by a tsunami in 1868.
Currently, most thunderstorms, hurricanes, tornadoes, heat waves, and winter storms can be predicted. In the case of tsunamis, the technology is good in most countries. The Tsunami Warning System (TWS) in the Pacific is comprised of 26 member countries. It monitors seismological and tidal stations throughout the Pacific region. The system evaluates potentially tsunamigenic earthquakes and issues tsunami warnings. To date, there is no international warning system for tsunamis in the Indian Ocean.